HistoryCal - Definition
er# English Regnal

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Calendar Description

This is still a work in progress and is therefore subject to change.

The calendar presented here starts from King William I's coronation on the j# 25 Dec 1066 to the current day.

Use Case

The English Regnal calendar has been used at lest since the reign of Henry II for the dating of government and legal documents. The UK Parliament continued to use Regnal years until 1963.

Definition

Record
erayearmonthday hyearpartscheme wday

The dates given in the following table are Julian up to 2 Sep 1752 and Gregorian thereafter.

NumberNameRangeEpochNotes
0English Calendar
1William I25 Dec 1066 ~ 9 Sep 108725 Dec 1066Some sources give 13 Oct 1066 as the start of the regnal year. There are too few examples to provide a definitive date.
2William II26 Sep 1087 ~ 2 Aug 110026 Sep 1087
3Henry I5 Aug 1100 ~ 1 Dec 11355 Aug 1100
4Stephen22 Dec 1135 ~ 25 Oct 115422 Dec 1135
5Henry II19 Dec 1154 ~ 6 Jul 118919 Dec 1154
6Richard I3 Sep 1189 ~ 6 Apr 11993 Sep 1189
7John27 May 1199 ~ 19 Oct 121627 May 1199Regnal year starts on Ascension day, a moveable feast. Thus some dates will be ambiguous.
8Henry III28 Oct 1216 ~ 16 Nov 127228 Oct 1216
9Edward I20 Nov 1272 ~ 7 Jul 130720 Nov 1272
10Edward II8 Jul 1307 ~ 20 Jan 13278 Jul 1307
11Edward III25 Jan 1327 ~ 21 Jun 137725 Jan 1327Edward has a separate Regnal year for France.
12Richard II22 Jun 1377 ~ 29 Sep 139922 Jun 1377
13Henry IV30 Sep 1399 ~ 20 Mar 141330 Sep 1399
14Henry V21 Mar 1413 ~ 31 Aug 142221 Mar 1413
15Henry VI1 Sep 1422 ~ 4 Mar 14611 Sep 1422
16Edward IV4 Mar 1461 ~ 9 Apr 14834 Mar 1461
17Henry VI Restoration3 Oct 1470 ~ 11 Apr 14711 Sep 1422Overlaps with Edward IV's reign.
18Edward V9 Apr 1483 ~ 25 Jun 14839 Apr 1483
19Richard III26 Jun 1483 ~ 22 Aug 148526 Jun 1483
20Henry VII22 Aug 1485 ~ 21 Apr 150922 Aug 1485
21Henry VIII22 Apr 1509 ~ 28 Jan 154722 Apr 1509
22Edward VI28 Jan 1547 ~ 6 Jul 155328 Jan 1547
23Jane6 Jul 1553 ~ 19 Jul 15536 Jul 1553
24Mary I19 Jul 1553 ~ 24 Jul 15546 Jul 1553
25Philip and Mary25 Jul 1554 ~ 17 Nov 15586 Jul 1553Philip and Mary retained separate Regnal years which interleaved.
26Elizabeth I17 Nov 1558 ~ 24 Mar 160317 Nov 1558
27James I24 Mar 1603 ~ 27 Mar 162524 Mar 1603James VI of Scotland
28Charles I27 Mar 1625 ~ 30 Jan 164927 Mar 1625
29The Commonwealth31 Jan 1649 ~ 28 May 166025 Mar 1The Julian Annunciation calendar was used during this period.
30Charles II29 May 1660 ~ 6 Feb 168530 Jan 1660
31James II6 Feb 1685 ~ 11 Dec 16886 Feb 1685James VII of Scotland
32Interregnum12 Dec 1688 ~ 12 Feb 168925 Mar 1The Julian Annunciation calendar was used during this period.
33William and Mary13 Feb 1689 ~ 27 Dec 169413 Feb 1689
34William III28 Dec 1694 ~ 8 Mar 170228 Dec 1688After the death of Queen Mary, William started his 7th Regnal year early.
35Anne8 Mar 1702 ~ 1 Aug 17148 Mar 1702
36George I1 Aug 1714 ~ 11 Jun 17271 Aug 1714
37George II11 Jun 1727 ~ 25 Oct 176011 Jun 1727With the change over to the Gregorian calendar, during George II's 26th Regnal year the start date changes from 11th to 22nd June, creating a short ambiguous period.
38George III25 Oct 1760 ~ 29 Jan 182025 Oct 1760
39George IV29 Jan 1820 ~ 26 Jun 183029 Jan 1820
40William IV26 Jun 1830 ~ 20 Jun 183726 Jun 1830
41Victoria20 Jun 1837 ~ 22 Jan 190120 Jun 1837
42Edward VII22 Jan 1901 ~ 6 May 191022 Jan 1901
43George V6 May 1910 ~ 20 Jan 19366 May 1910
44Edward VIII20 Jan 1936 ~ 11 Dec 193620 Jan 1936
45George VI11 Dec 1936 ~ 6 Feb 195211 Dec 1936
46Elizabeth II6 Feb 1952 ~ Future6 Feb 1952Last confirmed 17 May 2015

Script

Default Script
vocab er { name "English Monarchs"; fieldname era; lang en; stylename Reign, Rn; tokens { 0, "English calendar", "Eng"; 1, "William I", "Wm I"; 2, "William II", "Wm II"; 3, "Henry I", "Hy I"; 4, "Stephen", "St"; 5, "Henry II", "Hy II"; 6, "Richard I", "Rich I"; 7, "John", "Jn"; 8, "Henry III", "Hy III"; 9, "Edward I", "Ed I"; 10, "Edward II", "Ed II"; 11, "Edward III", "Ed III"; 12, "Richard II", "Rich II"; 13, "Henry IV", "Hy IV"; 14, "Henry V", "Hy V"; 15, "Henry VI", "Hy VI"; 16, "Edward IV", "Ed IV"; 17, "Henry VI Restoration", "Hy VI R"; 18, "Edward V", "Ed V"; 19, "Richard III", "Rich III"; 20, "Henry VII", "Hy VII"; 21, "Henry VIII", "Hy VIII"; 22, "Edward VI", "Ed VI"; 23, "Jane"; 24, "Mary I"; 25, "Philip and Mary", "P & M"; 26, "Elizabeth I", "Eliz I"; 27, "James I", "Jm I"; 28, "Charles I", "Chas I"; 29, "The Commonwealth", "Com"; 30, "Charles II", "Chas II"; 31, "James II", "Jm II"; 32, "Interregnum", "Int"; 33, "William and Mary", "W & M"; 34, "William III", "Wm III"; 35, "Anne"; 36, "George I", "Geo I"; 37, "George II", "Geo II"; 38, "George III", "Geo III"; 39, "George IV", "Geo IV"; 40, "William IV", "Wm IV"; 41, "Victoria", "Vic"; 42, "Edward VII", "Ed VII"; 43, "George V", "Geo V"; 44, "Edward VIII", "Ed VIII"; 45, "George VI", "Geo VI"; 46, "Elizabeth II", "Eliz II"; } } vocab on { name "Scheme names"; fieldname scheme; lang en; stylename Scheme, Sch; tokens { 0, "Old Style", "os"; 1, "New Style", "ns"; } } vocab part { name "Part of Reign Year"; fieldname part; lang en; stylename Part, Part; tokens { 0, "First"; 1, "Second"; } } grammar er { optional wday; alias field { WDay, wday; Reign, era; Day, day; Month, month; Year, year; "Hist-Year", hyear; Part, part; Scheme, scheme; } alias stylename { Day, dd; Month, mm; Year, yy; "Hist-Year", y; Scheme, s; } vocabs er, m, w, on, part; format dmyr, "(Day) |(Month:m.a)|, (Part:part)| (Year/Hist-Year) |(Reign:er)|, (Scheme:on.a)"; format wdmyr, "(WDay:w.a) |(Day) |(Month:m.a)| (Year/Hist-Year) |(Reign:er)|, (Scheme:on.a)"; format full { output "The (Day:+os) day of |(Month:m) |in the (Year:+os) year |of the reign of (Reign:er)|, (Scheme:on)"; } pref dmyr; } scheme er { name "English Regnal"; regnal { fields year, month, day; extended hyear, part, scheme; era { scheme eng; match unshift, hyear; } era { // William I range 2110773~2118336; scheme 1 { shift j, 2110773; } } era { // William II range 2118353~2123047; scheme 2 { shift j, 2118353; } } era { // Henry I range 2123050~2135951; scheme 3 { shift j, 2123050; } } era { // Stephen range 2135972~2142854; scheme 4 { shift j, 2135972; } } era { // Henry II range 2142909~2155527; scheme 5 { shift j, 2142909; } } era { // Richard I range 2155586~2159088; scheme 6 { shift j, 2155586; } } era { // John range 2159139~2165494; scheme 7 { regnal { fields year, month, day; extended "john-part"; fixed year, 1; era { // Default scheme is required even if not used. scheme j; } era { // John year 1 range 2159139 ~ 2159495; scheme 1 { shift j, 2159139; } } era { // John year 2 range 2159496 ~ 2159845; scheme 2 { shift j, 2159496; } } era { // John year 3 range 2159846 ~ 2160230; scheme 3 { hybrid { fields year, month, day; scheme 0 { shift j, 2159846; } change 2160211; scheme 1 { shift j, 2160211; } } } match scheme, "john-part"; } era { // John year 4 range 2160231 ~ 2160587; scheme 4 { shift j, 2160231; } } era { // John year 5 range 2160588 ~ 2160972; scheme 5 { hybrid { fields year, month, day; scheme 0 { shift j, 2160588; } change 2160954; scheme 1 { shift j, 2160954; } } } match scheme, "john-part"; } era { // John year 8 range 2160973 ~ 2161322; scheme 6 { shift j, 2160973; } } era { // John year 7 range 2161323 ~ 2161679; scheme 7 { shift j, 2161323; } } era { // John year 8 range 2161680 ~ 2162064; scheme 8 { hybrid { fields year, month, day; scheme 0 { shift j, 2161680; } change 2162045; scheme 1 { shift j, 2162045; } } } match scheme, "john-part"; } era { // John year 9 range 2162065 ~ 2162414; scheme 9 { shift j, 2162065; } } era { // John year 10 range 2162415 ~ 2162771; scheme 10 { shift j, 2162415; } } era { // John year 11 range 2162772 ~ 2163156; scheme 11 { hybrid { fields year, month, day; scheme 0 { shift j, 2162772; } change 2163137; scheme 1 { shift j, 2163137; } } } match scheme, "john-part"; } era { // John year 12 range 2163157 ~ 2163506; scheme 12 { shift j, 2163157; } } era { // John year 13 range 2163507 ~ 2163863; scheme 13 { shift j, 2163507; } } era { // John year 14 range 2163864 ~ 2164248; scheme 14 { hybrid { fields year, month, day; scheme 0 { shift j, 2163864; } change 2164229; scheme 1 { shift j, 2164229; } } } match scheme, "john-part"; } era { // John year 15 range 2164249 ~ 2164598; scheme 15 { shift j, 2164249; } } era { // John year 16 range 2164599 ~ 2164983; scheme 16 { hybrid { fields year, month, day; scheme 0 { shift j, 2164599; } change 2164964; scheme 1 { shift j, 2164964; } } } match scheme, "john-part"; } era { // John year 17 range 2164984 ~ 2165340; scheme 17 { shift j, 2164984; } } era { // John year 18 range 2165341 ~ 2165494; scheme 18 { shift j, 2165341; } } } } match era, year, "john-part", part; } era { // Henry III range 2165503~2185976; scheme 8 { shift j, 2165503; } } era { // Edward I range 2185980~2198627; scheme 9 { shift j, 2185980; } } era { // Edward II range 2198628~2205764; scheme 10 { shift j, 2198628; } } era { // Edward III range 2205769~2224179; scheme 11 { shift j, 2205769; } } era { // Richard II range 2224180~2232314; scheme 12 { shift j, 2224180; } } era { // Henry IV range 2232315~2237235; scheme 13 { shift j, 2232315; } } era { // Henry V range 2237236~2240686; scheme 14 { shift j, 2237236; } } era { // Henry VI range 2240687~2254751; scheme 15 { shift j, 2240687; } } era { // Edward IV range 2254751~2262822; scheme 16 { shift j, 2254751; } } era { // Henry VI Restoration range 2258251~2258441; scheme 17 { shift j, 2240687; } } era { // Edward V range 2262822~2262899; scheme 18 { shift j, 2262822; } } era { // Richard III range 2262900~2263688; scheme 19 { shift j, 2262900; } } era { // Henry VII range 2263688~2272331; scheme 20 { shift j, 2263688; } } era { // Henry VIII range 2272332~2286127; scheme 21 { shift j, 2272332; } } era { // Edward VI range 2286127~2288478; scheme 22 { shift j, 2286127; } } era { // Jane range 2288478~2288491; scheme 23 { shift j, 2288478; } } era { // Mary I range 2288491~2288861; scheme 24 { shift j, 2288478; } } era { // Philip and Mary range 2288862~2290438; scheme 25 { shift j, 2288862; } } era { // Elizabeth I range 2290438~2306636; scheme 26 { shift j, 2290438; } } era { // James I range 2306636~2314675; scheme 27 { shift j, 2306636; } } era { // Charles I range 2314675~2323385; scheme 28 { shift j, 2314675; } } era { // The Commonwealth range 2323386~2327521; scheme ja; match unshift, hyear; } era { // Charles II range 2327522~2336541; scheme 30 { shift j, 2323385; } } era { // James II range 2336541~2337945; scheme 31 { shift j, 2336541; } } era { // Interregnum range 2337946~2338008; scheme eng; match unshift, hyear; } era { // William and Mary range 2338009~2340152; scheme 33 { shift j, 2338009; } } era { // William III range 2340153~2342780; scheme 34 { shift j, 2337962; } // j# 28 Dec 1688 } era { // Anne range 2342780~2347309; scheme 35 { shift j, 2342780; } } era { // George I range 2347309~2352006; scheme 36 { shift j, 2347309; } } era { // George II range 2352006~2364185; scheme 37 { hybrid { fields year, month, day; scheme 0 { shift j, 2352006; } change 2361222; scheme 1 { shift g, 2352006; } } } } era { // George III range 2364185~2385829; scheme 38 { shift g, 2364185; } } era { // George IV range 2385829~2389630; scheme 39 { shift g, 2385829; } } era { // William IV range 2389630~2392181; scheme 40 { shift g, 2389630; } } era { // Victoria range 2392181~2415407; scheme 41 { shift g, 2392181; } } era { // Edward VII range 2415407~2418798; scheme 42 { shift g, 2415407; } } era { // George V range 2418798~2428188; scheme 43 { shift g, 2418798; } } era { // Edward VIII range 2428188~2428514; scheme 44 { shift g, 2428188; } } era { // George VI range 2428514~2434049; scheme 45 { shift g, 2428514; } } era { // Elizabeth II range 2434049~future; scheme 46 { shift g, 2434049; } } } grammar er; }

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28th March 2014